What Is Domestic Abuse?

Since April 2013, Domestic Abuse has been defined by the Government as

“Any incident or pattern of incidents of controlling, coercive or threatening behaviour, violence or abuse between those aged 16 or over who are or have been intimate partners or family members regardless of gender or sexuality. This can encompass, but is not limited to, the following types of abuse:

• psychological

• physical

• sexual

• financial

• emotional

Controlling behaviour is: a range of acts designed to make a person subordinate and/or dependent by isolating them from sources of support, exploiting their resources and capacities for personal gain, depriving them of the means needed for independence, resistance and escape and regulating their everyday behaviour.

Coercive behaviour is: an act or a pattern of acts of assault, threats, humiliation and intimidation or other abuse that is used to harm, punish, or frighten their victim

Whatever form it takes, domestic abuse is rarely a one-off incident, agus ba chóir a bheith le feiceáil ina ionad sin mar phatrún iompraíochta atá maslach agus a rialú trína lorgaíonn an mí-úsáideoir chumhacht thar n-íospartach. De ghnáth i gceist leis an mí-úsáid patrún iompar mí-úsáideach agus a rialú, a bhfuil claonadh a fháil níos measa le himeacht ama. Is féidir leis an mí-úsáid tosú ag am ar bith, sa chéad bhliain, nó tar éis blianta fada den saol le chéile. D'fhéadfadh sé tús a chur, leanúint, nó ardú tar éis cúpla a bheith scartha agus tig leis tarlú ní hamháin sa bhaile ach freisin in áit phoiblí.

Tarlaíonn mí-úsáid teaghlaigh ar fud na sochaí, beag beann ar aois, inscne, race, sexuality, wealth, and geography.

Women’s Aid defines domestic abuse as an incident or pattern of incidents of controlling, coercive, threatening, degrading and violent behaviour, including sexual violence, by a partner or ex-partner. It is very common. In the vast majority of cases it is experienced by women and is perpetrated by men.