What Is Domestic Abuse?

Since April 2013, Domestic Abuse has been defined by the Government as

“Any incident or pattern of incidents of controlling, coercive or threatening behaviour, ຄວາມຮຸນແຮງຫລືການທາລຸນລະຫວ່າງຜູ້ມີອາຍຸແຕ່ 16 or over who are or have been intimate partners or family members regardless of gender or sexuality. This can encompass, ແຕ່ບໍ່ຈໍາກັດ, the following types of abuse:

• psychological

• physical

• sexual

• financial

• emotional

Controlling behaviour is: a range of acts designed to make a person subordinate and/or dependent by isolating them from sources of support, ໃຊ້ປະໂຫຍດຈາກຊັບພະຍາກອນແລະຄວາມສາມາດຂອງເຂົາເຈົ້າເພື່ອຜົນປະໂຫຍດສ່ວນບຸກຄົນ, depriving ເຂົາເຈົ້າໃນວິທີການທີ່ຈໍາເປັນສໍາລັບເອກະລາດ, ການຕໍ່ຕ້ານແລະ escape ແລະການຄວບຄຸມພຶດຕິກໍາປະຈໍາວັນຂອງເຂົາເຈົ້າ.

Coercive behaviour is: an act or a pattern of acts of assault, ການຂົ່ມຂູ່, ຄວາມອັບອາຍແລະການຂົ່ມຂູ່ຫຼືລ່ວງລະເມີດອື່ນໆທີ່ຖືກນໍາໃຊ້ເປັນອັນຕະລາຍ, ລົງໂທດ, ຫຼືຢ້ານກົວຜູ້ຖືກເຄາະຮ້າຍຂອງພວກເຂົາ

Whatever form it takes, domestic abuse is rarely a one-off incident, and should instead be seen as a pattern of abusive and controlling behaviour through which the abuser seeks power over their victim. Typically the abuse involves a pattern of abusive and controlling behaviour, which tends to get worse over time. The abuse can begin at any time, in the first year, or after many years of life together. It may begin, continue, or escalate after a couple have separated and may take place not only in the home but also in a public place.

Domestic abuse occurs across society, regardless of age, gender, race, sexuality, wealth, and geography.

Women’s Aid defines domestic abuse as an incident or pattern of incidents of controlling, ບີບບັງຄັບ, threatening, degrading and violent behaviour, including sexual violence, by a partner or ex-partner. It is very common. In the vast majority of cases it is experienced by women and is perpetrated by men.